Santísima Virgen María

Authors

Andrzej Witko
Pontificia Universidad Juan Pablo II de Cracovia, Polonia
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8510-6757

Summary

ON ICONOGRAPHY OF THE ORDER OF THE MOST HOLY TRINITY IN 17TH-20TH CENTURIES. OUR LADY

The presence of St. Mary in the Trinitarian iconography is significant but not dominant. The image of Our Lady del Remedio is the most popular which relates to the help that St. John de Matha got from St. Mary in two cases of redemption. Although Our Lady del Remedio was worshipped especially by the non-reformed Trinitarians and French Discalced Trinitarians, depictions of this kind can be found in all the branches of the Trinitarian Order. They usually show St. Mary handing John de Matha a purse with money; sometimes Our Lady with a purse and the Trinitarian scapular carrying the Child Jesus. The image of Our Lady del Remedio accompanied by the two Patriarchs was relatively rare. A similar type of Our Lady del Rescate was somewhat popular among the Calced Trinitarians. Both the Calced and Discalced Trinitarians worshipped the Immaculate Conception of Our Lady. This image was especially favoured by the reformed branch, but it was also popular among the Calced Trinitarians, particularly after the argument with the Mercedarians which the Trinitarians lost. The way of illustrating the Immaculate Conception is fairly traditional. The Discalced Trinitarians favoured the image of Our Lady de Gracia, which did not spread outside Spain whereas the type of Dolorosa, based on the spanish sculpture by Pedro de Mena y Medrano from the Trinitarian convent in Vienna, was exceptionally popular in the imperial province of the Order dedicated to St. Joseph. This latter image was often imitated in many paintings, graphics and sculptures. The most frequent scene was Our Lady appearing in the choir in Cerfroid at night of 7/8 September 1212. St. Felix de Valois is often pictured as pleading with St. Mary for the release of Christian slaves. This scene, after Giacinto Calandrucci’s drawing, was very popular in the 2nd half of 17th century. The iconography of St. Simon de Rojas shows reference to St. Mary, most often handing the Saint the cingulum of chastity and rosaries of Immaculate Conception.

Chapters

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS
  • Prólogo .......... 9
  • 1. La Virgen del Remedio .......... 17
  • 2. La Virgen del Rescate .......... 105
  • 3. La Inmaculada .......... 111
  • 4. La Virgen de Gracia .......... 177
  • 5. La Dolorosa .......... 185
  • 6. La Virgen con los trinitarios .......... 191
  • 7. Varias representaciones marianas .......... 271

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Cover for Santísima Virgen María
Published
September 30, 2022

Details about the available publication format: PDF

PDF
ISBN-13 (15)
978-83-8138-733-0

Details about the available publication format: Hardback

Hardback
ISBN-13 (15)
978-83-7864-671-6